Why california’s cannabis industry will lead water innovation — water deeply

For years, I’ve been standing on my deck in San Francisco, looking south to Silicon Valley for innovation in water efficiency. Football games online play But I’m starting to realize that I might have been gazing in the wrong direction. Facebook logo Maybe I need to turn around and look north, over the spires of the Golden Gate Bridge, toward the Emerald Triangle in Humboldt, Mendocino and Trinity counties, the hotbed of California’s newly legalized commercial cannabis production.

Of course, though California voters legalized recreational marijuana – and its production – last year, many growers in the Emerald Triangle and other parts of the state are not rank beginners. Yard design Eager to build their reputations for quality and just as anxious to maximize yields of a crop that’s sold by the gram, cannabis cultivators have been among the most driven and exacting farmers in agriculture.

So now we have highly motivated growers, under regulatory scrutiny, in a state that’s been gripped in an epic drought for the past six years. Landscape garden design ideas If you ask me, those are the people who will be leading agriculture toward sustainable water management. Fastest pitch Major Motivator

Now that it’s emerging from the shadows, California cannabis is likely to be recognized as the state’s top-valued crop, which is no surprise, especially as experts believe 60 to 70 percent of the pot sold in America comes from the Golden State. Stone fence minecraft The Christian Science Monitor cites a value of $11–17 billion per year for the California cannabis crop. Garden design planner Compare that to the state’s next-ranked commodity, milk and cheese, at $ 6.7 billion.

Cannabis grown indoors yields an average value of $112 per square foot ( 0.1 square meter), according to a report on indoor farming by Agrilyst, well ahead of greens ($64 per square foot) and strawberries ($22). House design pictures exterior In fact, Agrilyst calculated indoor cannabis production to be 9,000 times more productive on a dollar basis than commercial corn production. Garden spider size And even outdoors, pot is a smokin’ deal. Rawlings outlet The Denver University Law Review calculated a return of 22 cents to $ 6.67 per gallon ( 3.8 liters) of water from cannabis grown in Colorado, compared to 2 to 3 cents per gallon ROI from potatoes, another of the state’s major crops. Fences download Reducing Demand

The first step toward sustainable water management in cannabis, or any crop, is in limiting the demand side of the equation. What is pitch perfect 2 rated Some cannabis growers in the Emerald Triangle have generated controversy by withdrawing water from streams and rivers to supply illegal grows on government land, and sending polluted water and sediment from poorly built roads back into the creeks. Facebook app But those farmers now fall under state law, whether it’s a requirement to prove a legal water right or to comply with groundwater pumping rules such as the Sustainable Groundwater Management Act (whose high-risk groundwater management areas are outside the Emerald Triangle, at least for now) and other use restrictions like those detailed in California SB 837.

In fact, Water Deeply reported that half of the state’s estimated 50,000 cannabis growers will likely have to prove their water rights and build storage that will allow them to gather water during the winter to draw on in summer, instead of tapping limited surface-water flows. Jain irrigation ltd Limited Access

Stored water is going to be especially vital farther south. Georgia tech softball camp Cannabis may be included in California’s agriculture reports from here on out, but pot growers won’t have access to federal water supplies, like the Central Valley Project water that sustains billions of dollars’ worth of other crops in the state’s salad bowl. Small garden ideas images Because marijuana is still outlawed by the federal government, which owns 48 percent of California’s land mass and controls the large majority of its irrigation supplies, federal agencies are keeping pot growers at arm’s length.

Notably, the Bureau of Reclamation, which built and operates the Central Valley Project, won’t supply cannabis growers, even though they’re permitted by the state.

Don’t expect anything different from the U.S. Football schedule Army Corps of Engineers or the U.S. Baseball usa Department of Agriculture. Roll pitch yaw When it comes to water – or technical support for water conservation efforts – cannabis growers may be left high and dry.

That creates a great vacuum that can be filled by water industry experts and farming consultants, by the way. Ewing irrigation Forward-thinking suppliers of water technology could be to today’s “Green Rush” what mining equipment suppliers like Levi Strauss were to the Gold Rush in the mid-1800s.

“This is a group that’s more interested in quality and sustainability than we’ve seen before. Definition of pitch in music The indoor growers that I speak with have a ton of knowledge of what they’re doing,” said Restuccia of the cannabis growers – mostly indoor cultivators – who are contacting him daily for the latest in drip-irrigation technology. Basketball positions for dummies “More important, they have a lot of knowledge and interest in doing irrigation the right way. Lattice energy of mgo They are managing this scientifically. Facebook logo png They’re trying to perform at a very high level – they’re shooting for a crop a month, where they usually get a crop in three or four months. Dripping springs isd They have a thirst for knowledge and information that I have never seen.” Thirst for Data

As growers scramble for data, debates rage over how much water cannabis production actually consumes. Driveway gravel cost per ton Scott Bauer of the California Department of Fish and Wildlife published a widely cited estimate of 6 gallons per plant per day, about twice as much as a wine-grape vine. Pitch music definition NORML, a marijuana advocacy group, prefers figures closer to 2.6 gallons per plant per day. Masonry definition Cannabis grower groups and the Small Farmers Association are pushing growers toward goals of 0.5 to 1 gallon per plant per day. Fantasy baseball waiver wire Now that’s efficiency.

Careful management will be a key tool in achieving those efficiency water targets, as well as targets for managing crop nutrients. Front yard design We’ll see fertilizers managed in minute detail in an effort to optimize yields, reduce costs and reduce pollution in discharged water.

Spoon-feeding nutrients through irrigation water has long been proven to improve yield and quality in fruit and vegetable production. Uga softball camp Precise delivery of fertilizer through irrigation water is also a powerful tool in limiting runoff of nutrients into surface water, leaching of nitrates into groundwater, or volatilization of nitrogen into the atmosphere. Garden of words Cannabis cultivators, using those sophisticated tools, rival even the best vegetable growers when it comes to knowing exactly how much nutrient their crops are utilizing.

Nutrient delivery tools will also be vital as cannabis growers are scrutinized by regulatory officials. What is pitch in english Regional water-quality control boards and other environmental agencies will demand best management practices and detailed production records from cannabis growers, just as they do from dairy producers or other farmers. How to install chain link fence gate And marijuana producers have the resources to invest in systems that don’t only meter nutrients – whether they’re delivered as commercial fertilizer solutions or compost tea – but also record the amounts applied to the crop. Landscaper definition Water Treatment

We’ve talked about cultivators who have access to surface water or municipal supplies. Trellis definition But many growers will be drawing from wells. Garden of eden maui They’ll have ample reason to manage their water carefully – not just to avoid waste or high pumping costs, but to remove well-water contaminants such as salts and metals that can reduce yields. Landscape design online Where growers buy water from municipal utilities, costs are high enough to make conservation economically important.

Wastewater treatment is equally important, no matter the source of the irrigation supplies. Mono pitched roof construction details For decades, California rice growers have managed tailwater on their fields to improve the quality of water they discharge into drainage ditches. Front yard landscaping images Dairy farms, nurseries and food processors across the state have developed zero-discharge loops and innovative effluent treatment systems to protect the environment. Pitching a tent Now, like those operators, cannabis growers will need to ensure that the water leaving their operations is not contributing nutrients, pesticides or biochemical or chemical oxygen demand ( BOD or COD) to the environment. Francesca battistelli beautiful beautiful lyrics The salmon-bearing streams of the Emerald Triangle are being watched carefully, and the newly legal farms in the region will be watched, too.

In municipal districts, expect cannabis grows to come under fire if high levels of pesticides, strong swings in pH or other pollutants impact local wastewater treatment plants. Football field size The marijuana cultivators will be joining the ranks of wineries and other industrial water dischargers in pretreating water before it enters municipal sewers. Landscape photography And that’s good for everyone.

Ultimately, the budding legal cannabis industry will be asked to do what a growing number of water-intensive businesses are doing – seeing themselves as little ecosystems within a larger ecosystem. Ncaa basketball tournament live stream The industrial watershed is a concept I wrote about in World Water a few years ago. Landscape architecture magazine It’s valid for milk plants and vegetable canneries, and equally valid for cannabis farms.

California’s riparian law has been a quagmire for well over a century, water is scarce in much of the state, and the region is blessed with an environment that inspires people to safeguard its health. Outdoor research The old adage that “whiskey’s for drinkin’; water’s for fightin’ over” has been applied countless times to water law in the state and across the West, especially when drought, competing demands and scrutiny of the environmental impacts of agriculture threaten to spark new water wars. Online football games multiplayer It’s ironic that whiskey drinkers spoiling for a fight may be nudged aside by cannabis growers demonstrating what agriculture can do with the remarkable water management tools at its disposal.

Never miss an update. Fantasy baseball rankings 2016 Sign up here for our Water Deeply newsletter to receive weekly updates, special reports and featured insights on one of the most critical issues of our time. D fence commercial About the Author

Jim Lauria is vice president of sales & marketing for Mazzei Injector Company, LLC, a fluid design company that manufactures mixing and contacting systems. Football season quotes He holds a Bachelor of Chemical Engineering degree from Manhattan College and has more than 20 years of global water treatment experience in the agricultural, municipal, industrial and commercial markets. Landscape architect salary Jim can be contacted at jlauria@mazzei.net.

Lots of rain and snow have pulled most of California out of drought conditions, but a small area near Santa Barbara is still experiencing severe drought and communities are adopting different strategies to tackle water security.

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